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MG132 protects against renal dysfunction by regulating Akt

MG132 protects against renal dysfunction by regulating Akt

Diabetic nephropathy (DN), the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). To date, mounting evidence has shown that inflammation may contribute to the pathogenesis of DN. Recent reports have shown that proteasome inhibitors display cytoprotection by reducing the phosphorylation of Akt, a serine/threonine kinase, plays a critical role in cellular survival and metabolism and can crosstalk with inflammation. Therefore, we hypothesized that MG132, specific proteasome inhibitor, could provide renoprotection by suppressing Akt-mediated inflammation in DN. In vivo, male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into normal control group (NC), diabetic nephropathy group (DN), DN model plus MG132 treatment group (MG132), and DN model plus deguelin treatment group (Deguelin)(deguelin, a specific inhibitor of Akt). In vitro, a human glomerular mesangial cell lines (HMCs) was exposed to 5.5 mmol/L glucose (CON), 30 mmol/L glucose (HG), 30 mmol/L glucose with 0.5 umol/L MG132 (MG132) and 30 mmol/L glucose with 5 umol/L deguelin (Deguelin). Compared with NC, DN showed a significant increase in the urinary protein excretion rate and inflammatory cytokines, as well as p-Akt. Compared with CON, HMCs co-cultured with HG was notably proliferated, which is in accord with α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) expression. These alterations were inhibited by administration of MG132 or deguelin. In conclusion, MG132 significantly inhibits the development of DN by regulating Akt phosphorylation-mediated inflammatory activation.

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